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Abnormal asymmetric dimethylarginine/nitric oxide balance in patients with documented coronary artery disease: relation to renal function and homocysteine.

Research paper by Necip N Ilhan, Dilara D Seckin, Nevin N Ilhan, Yilmaz Y Ozbay

Indexed on: 13 Dec '06Published on: 13 Dec '06Published in: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis



Abstract

As an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide production, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is reported to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD).We measured plasma levels of ADMA, nitrate + nitrite (NOx), total homocysteine (tHCY), and renal function in 106 people with angiographic evidence of coronary artery disease (CAD), including 46 with single vessel disease and 60 with double/triple vessel disease, and in 70 age-matched individuals without any angiography evidence of CAD. Also the levels of these parameters were evaluated according to their history of MI. Plasma tHcy and ADMA were measured by HPLC and the levels of NOx using the Griess reaction.Levels of ADMA, ACE and tHcy levels were significantly higher and NO level was significantly lower in CAD patients compared with controls but there were no significant differences among patients with or without history of MI and between patients with single compared to those with double/triple vessel disease. Additionally a negative correlation was found between ADMA-NOx (r = -0.396, p = 0.001) and between tHcy-NOx (r = -0.262, p = 0.027). In the entire study group, ADMA level was significantly higher in patients with creatinine clearance (CrCl) < 91 mL/min than in patients with CrCl > or = 91 mL/min (0.60 +/- 0.23 micromoles/L versus 0.49 +/- 0.25 micromoles/L, p = 0.05).We suggest that there is an abnormal plasma ADMA-to-NO balance in patients with documented CAD and that this may be due at least in part to an associated reduction in renal function.