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Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields in dipole-dipole interacting Rydberg atoms

Research paper by Martin Kiffner, Wenhui Li, Dieter Jaksch

Indexed on: 25 Jun '13Published on: 25 Jun '13Published in: Quantum Physics



Abstract

We show that the dipole-dipole interaction between two Rydberg atoms can lead to substantial Abelian and non-Abelian gauge fields acting on the relative motion of the two atoms. We demonstrate how the gauge fields can be evaluated by numerical techniques. In the case of adiabatic motion in a single internal state, we show that the gauge fields give rise to a magnetic field that results in a Zeeman splitting of the rotational states. In particular, the ground state of a molecular potential well is given by the first excited rotational state. We find that our system realises a synthetic spin-orbit coupling where the relative atomic motion couples to two internal two-atom states. The associated gauge fields are non-Abelian.