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A2B adenosine receptor antagonists: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel xanthine derivatives

Research paper by Sujay Basu, Dinesh A. Barawkar, Vidya Ramdas, Yogesh Waman, Meena Patel, Anil Panmand, Santosh Kumar, Sachin Thorat, Rajesh Bonagiri, Dilip Jadhav, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Vandna Prasad, B. Srinivasa Reddy, Arnab Goswami, Sandhya Chaturvedi, et al.

Indexed on: 09 Nov '16Published on: 08 Nov '16Published in: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry



Abstract

A2BAdoR is a low affinity adenosine receptor that functions by Gs mediated elevation of cAMP and subsequent downstream signaling. The receptor has been implicated in lung inflammatory disorders like COPD and asthma. Several potent and selective A2BAdoR antagonists have been reported in literature, however most of the compounds suffer from poor pharmacokinetic profile. Therefore, with the aim to identify novel, potent and selective A2BAdoR antagonists with improved pharmacokinetic properties, we first explored more constrained form of MRS-1754 (4). To improve the metabolic stability, several linker modifications were attempted as replacement of amide linker along with different phenyl or other heteroaryls between C8 position of xanthine head group and terminal phenyl ring. SAR optimization resulted in identification of two novel A2BAdoR antagonists, 8-{1-[5-Oxo-1-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyrrolidin-3-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-1,3-dipropyl-xanthine (31) and 8-(1-{2-Oxo-2-[4-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-ethyl}-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1,3-dipropyl-xanthine (65), with high binding affinity (Ki = 1 and 1.5 nM, respectively) and selectivity for A2BAdoR with very good functional potency of 0.9 nM and 4 nM, respectively. Compound 31 and 65 also displayed good pharmacokinetic properties in mice with 27% and 65% oral bioavailability respectively. When evaluated in in vivo mice model of asthma, compound 65 also inhibited airway inflammation and airway reactivity in ovalbumin induced allergic asthma at 3 mpk dose.

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