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A Visual Framework for Classifying Determinants of Cell Size.

Research paper by Felix F Jonas, Ilya I Soifer, Naama N Barkai

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Cell Reports



Abstract

Cells control their size by coordinating cell cycle progression with volume growth. Size control is typically studied at specific cell cycle transitions that are delayed or accelerated depending on size. This focus is well suited for revealing mechanisms acting at these transitions, but neglects the dynamics in other cell cycle phases, and is therefore inherently limited for studying how the characteristic cell size is determined. We address this limitation through a formalism that intuitively visualizes the characteristic size emerging from integrated cell cycle dynamics of individual cells. Applying this formalism to budding yeast, we describe the contributions of the un-budded (G1) and budded (S-G2-M) phase to size adjustments following environmental or genetic perturbations. We show that although the budded phase can be perturbed with little consequences for G1 dynamics, perturbations in G1 propagate to the budded phase. Our study provides an integrated view on cell size determinants in budding yeast. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.