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A variable coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation: Localized waves on the plane wave background and their dynamics

Research paper by Xiu-Bin Wang, Bo Han

Indexed on: 28 May '19Published on: 27 Mar '19Published in: Modern physics letters. B, Condensed matter physics, statistical physics, applied physics



Abstract

Modern Physics Letters B, Ahead of Print. In this work, a variable coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger (vc-NLS) equation is under investigation, which can describe the amplification or absorption of pulses propagating in an optical fiber with distributed dispersion and nonlinearity. By means of similarity reductions, a similar transformation helps us to relate certain class of solutions of the standard NLS equation to the solutions of integrable vc-NLS equation. Furthermore, we analytically consider nonautonomous breather wave, rogue wave solutions and their interactions in the vc-NLS equation, which possess complicated wave propagation in time and differ from the usual breather waves and rogue waves. Finally, the main characteristics of the rational solutions are graphically discussed. The parameters in the solutions can be used to control the shape, amplitude and scale of the rogue waves.