A two-component model of the neutron diffuse scattering in the relaxor ferroelectric PZN-4.5%PT

Research paper by Zhijun Xu, Jinsheng Wen, Guangyong Xu, C. Stock, J. S. Gardner, P. M. Gehring

Indexed on: 29 Apr '10Published on: 29 Apr '10Published in: Physics - Materials Science


We report measurements of the neutron diffuse scattering in a single crystal of the relaxor ferroelectric material 95.5%Pb(Zn$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$)O$_3$-4.5%PbTiO$_3$ (PZN-4.5%PT). Our results suggest that the nanometer scale structure in this compound exhibits both $<100>$ and $<110>$ polarizations, which contribute to different portions of the total diffuse scattering intensity. These contributions can be distinguished by the differing responses to an electric field applied along [001]. While diffuse scattering intensities associated with $<110>$ (T2-type) polarizations show little to no change in a [001] field, those associated with $<100>$ (T1-type) polarizations are partially suppressed by the field at temperatures below the Curie temperature \emph{T$_C$} $\sim 475$ K. Neutron spin-echo measurements show that the diffuse scattering at (0.05,0,1) is largely dynamic at high temperature and gradually freezes on cooling, becoming mostly static at 200 K.