Indexed on: 28 May '21Published on: 28 May '21Published in: The Laryngoscope
Identification of parathyroid glands and adjacent tissues intraoperatively can be quite challenging because of their small size, variable locations, and indistinct external features. The objective of this study is to test the efficacy of the dynamic optical contrast imaging (DOCI) technique as a tool in specifically differentiating parathyroid tissue and adjacent structures, facilitating efficient and reliable tissue differentiation. Prospective study. Both animal and human tissues were included in this study. Fresh specimens were imaged with DOCI and subsequently processed for hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain. The DOCI images were analyzed and compared to the H&E results as ground truth. In both animal and human experiments, significant DOCI contrast was observed between parathyroid glands and adjacent tissue of all types. Region of interest analysis revealed most distinct DOCI values for each tissue when using 494 and 572 nm-specific band pass filter for signal detection (P < .005 for porcine tissues, and P = .02 for human specimens). Linear discriminant classifier for tissue type prediction based on DOCI also matched the underlying histology. We demonstrate that the DOCI technique reliably facilitates specific parathyroid gland localization. The DOCI technique constitutes important groundwork for in vivo precision endocrine surgery. 4 Laryngoscope, 2021. © 2021 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.