A study of second-look laparoscopy after acute salpingitis

Research paper by B. Gerber, A. Krause

Indexed on: 01 Jul '96Published on: 01 Jul '96Published in: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics


Acute salpingitis (AS) has a major impact on the reproductive health of women. In this study second-look laparoscopy was assessed for its ability to predict reproductive function after AS. We questioned 158 women who had had a second-look laparoscopy with tubal dye insufflation after laparoscopically proven AS between September 1984 and August 1989. The answers of 69 women with at least two years of involuntary infertility were analyzed. The mean follow-up period was 76 months (range 53–108 months). Second-look laparoscopy revealed bilateral tubal occlusion in 21.7% (15/69). Bilateral tubal occlusion was found in 9.5% (2/21) after mild stage, 20% (4/20) after moderate stage and 32.1% (9/28) after severe stage AS. The rate of infertility during follow-up was 9.5% (stage I), 35% (stage II) and 39.9% (stage III). Eighty per cent (12/15) of women with proven bilateral tubal occlusion after treated AS had involuntary infertility, and 14.8% (8/54; P=0.000001) of women with one or both tubes patent also had infertility. Specificity, sensitivity and positive predictive value for subsequent infertility were 85.2%, 80% and 84.1%, respectively. Pelvic adhesions (21/69) were strongly correlated with bilateral tubal occlusion (8/21; 38.1%; P=0.029), a history of chronic pelvic pain (14/21; 66.7%; P=0.00024), as well as failure to achieve an intrauterine pregnancy (10/21; 47.6%; P=0.024). Recurrent pelvic infections occurred in 16% (12/69) and ectopic pregnancies in 7.3% (5/69). Operations for infertility and pelvic pain (excluding ectopic pregnancy), were carried out in 11.6% (8/69). We conclude that second-look laparoscopy after treated AS have accurate evaluation of reproductive function.