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A study of cadmium sulfide nanocrystalline films by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction

Research paper by N. S. Kozhevnikova, A. A. Rempel, F. Hergert, A. Magerl

Indexed on: 01 May '07Published on: 01 May '07Published in: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A



Abstract

Thin cadmium sulfide films were prepared on a monocrystalline-crystal silicon substrate by chemical deposition from aqueous solutions. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction revealed that the cadmium sulfide films are comprised of nanocrystal particles, with 80% of the particles having a size of 5 ± 1 nm. Some nanocrystals have a wurtzite structure, while others, a sphalerite one. The presence of cubic phase in the films is indicative of a nonequilibrium state of the nanocrystalline films. Thirty minutes after the onset of the formation of cadmium sulfide, the size and crystal structure of the constituent particles of the film become independent of the deposition time—only the film thickness increases. In addition, the initial stage of the formation of the cadmium sulfide film is accompanied by the deposition of cadmium hydroxide Cd(OH)2.