Indexed on: 01 Jul '04Published on: 01 Jul '04Published in: Journal of the American Chemical Society
A vibrational Raman optical activity (ROA) study, supplemented by protein X-ray crystal structure data, of alpha-helices in polypeptides, proteins, and viruses has suggested that ROA bands in the extended amide III spectral region may be used to distinguish between two types of right-handed alpha-helix. One type, associated with a positive ROA band at approximately 1300 cm(-1), dominates in hydrophobic environments and appears to be unhydrated; the other, associated with a positive ROA band at approximately 1340 cm(-1), dominates in hydrophilic environments and appears to be hydrated. Evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that unhydrated alpha-helix corresponds to the canonical conformation alpha(c) and hydrated alpha-helix to a more open conformation alpha(o) stabilized by hydrogen bonding of a water molecule or a hydrophilic side chain to the peptide carbonyl. Alpha-helical poly(L-lysine) and poly(L-ornithine) in aqueous solution and poly(L-alanine) in dichloracetic acid display both bands, but alpha-helical poly(l-glutamic acid) in aqueous solution and poly(gamma-benzyl L-glutamate) in CHCl(3) display only the approximately 1340 cm(-1) band and so may exist purely as alpha(o) due to enhanced stabilization of this conformation by particular side chain characteristics. The ROA spectrum of poly(beta-benzyl L-aspartate) in CHCl(3) reveals that it exists in a single left-handed alpha-helical state more analogous to alpha(o) than to alpha(c).