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A study exploring the role of intercostal nerve damage in chronic pain after thoracic surgery.

Research paper by Michael F MF Maguire, Janet A JA Latter, Ravi R Mahajan, F David FD Beggs, John P JP Duffy

Indexed on: 06 May '06Published on: 06 May '06Published in: European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery



Abstract

Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of intra-operative nerve damage and its association with chronic pain.Our prospective study of 33 patients used nerve conduction studies to assess intercostal nerve function during elective thoracic surgical procedures. We used two methods to study nerve conduction: pre-operative magnetic stimulation (in 10 patients) and intra-operative nerve conduction studies (in all patients) We correlated these findings with specific intra-operative parameters, pain and psychological questionnaires pre-op and 3 month post-op and altered cutaneous sensation.Magstim (magnetic stimulation) assessments were not reliable and were therefore abandoned. Intraoperative intercostal nerve studies revealed two distinct patterns of nerve injury and also that nerve injury was less in those cases where a rib was not resected. However, intercostal nerve damage detected at the time of operation is not associated with chronic pain or altered cutaneous sensation at 3 months post-op.The study findings suggest that either the amount of intra-operative intercostal nerve damage is not indicative of long-term nerve damage or that there is a more significant cause for chronic pain other than intercostal nerve injury.