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A spun-column assay for determination of leptin binding in serum.

Research paper by D C DC Eichler, A W AW Root, G G Duckett, K L KL Moore, F B FB Diamond

Indexed on: 27 Jan '99Published on: 27 Jan '99Published in: Analytical Biochemistry: Methods in the Biological Sciences



Abstract

Serum collected from 27 patients was assayed simultaneously using a spun-column assay (SPC) and a traditional exclusion gel-filtration assay (GFC) to determine specific leptin binding. The levels of serum leptin binding determined by either assay correlated inversely with serum leptin levels (SPC, r = 0.63, P < 0.001; GFC, r = 0.79, P < 0.0001). Although specific leptin binding as determined by the traditional exclusion gel-filtration assay was generally higher than that obtained by the spun-column assay (mean = 18.3% vs 14.0%, P < 0. 02, respectively); the values obtained between the two assay methods were highly correlative (r = 0.89, P < 0.0001). By varying either the amount of 125I-leptin or the amount of competitor, analysis was carried out using the spun-column assay to determine the intrinsic properties of serum leptin binding. Results yielded a Kd = 0.3 nM, where each variable amount of leptin or competitor was carried out in duplicate. The complete analysis was carried out in the time that it typically takes for a single sample determination by the traditional exclusion gel-filtration assay. We conclude that the "spun-column" assay is a useful method for rapid and accurate quantification of leptin binding in serum.