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A single session of circuit-resistance exercise effects on human peripheral blood lymphocyte ABCA1 expression and plasma HDL-C level.

Research paper by Abbass A Ghanbari-Niaki, Marziyeh M Saghebjoo, Mehdi M Hedayati

Indexed on: 24 Aug '10Published on: 24 Aug '10Published in: Regulatory Peptides



Abstract

ATP-binding cassette transporters transfer a variety of substrates across the lipid bilayers in an energy-dependent manner. ABCA1 is a member of this family which plays a crucial role in plasma HDL-C metabolism. The purpose of this study was to investigate ABCA1 expression in lymphocytes, plasma lipids and lipoprotein levels in response to a single session of circuit-resistance exercise. Twenty female students volunteered and randomly assigned to control, 40%, 60%, 80% one-repetition maximum groups. Subjects performed a single session of CRE (9 exercises, 25s per exercise, 3 sets of 3 non-stop circuits, and 1 min rest between the sets). Blood mononuclear cells were isolated for ABCA1 mRNA expression. Plasma glucose, lipids and lipoprotein concentrations were measured. Lymphocyte ABAC1 mRNA expression was significantly (P < 0.001) increased in all given exercise intensities. Total WBC, lymphocyte, neutrophil, platelet counts, plasma glucose, and triglyceride concentrations were also significantly increased after exercise. Changes in plasma HDL-C, LDL-C and TC, concentrations were not significant. In conclusion, a single session of CRE increased PBL ABCA1 expression that was more pronounced in 60% and 40% 1RM groups but not accompanied with significant changes in HDL-C concentrations. Thus, CRE with moderate intensities provide bigger increases of PLB ABCA1 expression not plasma HDL-C levels.