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A simple wet chemical route to synthesize ferromagnetic nickel ferrite nanoparticles in the presence of oleic acid as a surfactant

Research paper by P. Sivakumar, R. Ramesh, A. Ramanand, S. Ponnusamy, C. Muthamizhchelvan

Indexed on: 15 Oct '11Published on: 15 Oct '11Published in: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics



Abstract

NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were prepared by a simple and cost-effective method using nickel nitrate, ferric nitrate, acetone and citric acid using oleic acid assisted sol–gel auto-combustion method. XRD confirmed the formation of single-phase nickel ferrite with space group Fd3m and inverse spinel structure and the crystallite size was found to be 28 nm. HR-SEM and TEM images showed spherical like nanoparticles. The magnetic property of the sample was measured by using a room temperature vibrating sample magnetometer. The magnetic saturation (Ms = 47.8 emu g−1), remanent magnetization (Mr = 10 emu g−1) and coercive force (Hc = 237.10 Oe), were determined.