A quantum Karhunen-Loeve expansion and quadratic-exponential functionals for linear quantum stochastic systems

Research paper by Igor G. Vladimirov, Ian R. Petersen, Matthew R. James

Indexed on: 09 Apr '19Published on: 05 Apr '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Probability


This paper extends the Karhunen-Loeve representation from classical Gaussian random processes to quantum Wiener processes which model external bosonic fields for open quantum systems. The resulting expansion of the quantum Wiener process in the vacuum state is organised as a series of sinusoidal functions on a bounded time interval with statistically independent coefficients consisting of noncommuting position and momentum operators in a Gaussian quantum state. A similar representation is obtained for the solution of a linear quantum stochastic differential equation which governs the system variables of an open quantum harmonic oscillator. This expansion is applied to computing a quadratic-exponential functional arising as a performance criterion in the framework of risk-sensitive control for this class of open quantum systems.