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A Quantitative Investigation of CO2 Sequestration by Mineral Carbonation

Research paper by Muneer Mohammad, Mehrdad Ehsani

Indexed on: 11 Nov '15Published on: 11 Nov '15Published in: Physics - Geophysics



Abstract

Anthropogenic activities have led to a substantial increase in carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas (GHG), contributing to heightened concerns of global warming. In the last decade alone CO2 emissions increased by 2.0 ppm/yr. globally. In the year 2009, United States and China contributed up to 43.4% of global CO2 emissions. CO2 capture and sequestration have been recognized as promising solutions to mitigate CO2 emissions from fossil fuel based power plants. Typical techniques for carbon capture include post-combustion capture, pre-combustion capture and oxy-combustion capture, which are under active research globally. Mineral carbonation has been investigated as a suitable technique for long term storage of CO2. Sequestration is a highly energy intensive process and the additional energy is typically supplied by the power plant itself. This leads to a reduction in net amount of CO2 captured because of extra CO2 emitted. This paper presents a quantitative analysis of the energy consumption during sequestration process for a typical 1GW pulverized coal and a 1GW natural gas based power plant. Furthermore, it has been established that the present day sequestration methods and procedures are not viable to achieve the goal of carbon sequestration.