A prospective study of biomarker-guided chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Research paper by Qiang Q Zhang, Xiaoli X Zhu, Li L Zhang, Siqing S Sun, Jing J Huang, Yong Y Lin

Indexed on: 15 Aug '14Published on: 15 Aug '14Published in: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology


To assess the therapeutic value of biomarker-guided chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Eighty-five NSCLC patients at stage IIIb or IV were divided into two groups based on the feasibility of biomarker analysis. Group A included patients with biomarker data (n = 41); Group B were patients without biomarker results (n = 44). Tumor samples obtained by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and computerized tomography-guided needle biopsy were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for intratumoral level of excision repair cross-complementing gene 1 (ERCC1), ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1), and β-tubulin III. Chemotherapy regimens in Group A were determined according to the status of molecular signatures, whereas a standard gemcitabine plus cisplatin regimen was used for Group B. Tumor response, patient survival, and adverse effects were monitored for both groups.The overall response rate, defined as complete response plus partial response, was 56.1% for Group A, significantly higher than that in Group B (31.8%; P = 0.024). The median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 5.2 months for Group A, significantly longer than that of Group B (4.1 months; P = 0.026). The 1-year survival rate of Group A was 65.9%, significantly higher than that of Group B (40.9%; P = 0.021), whereas the median overall survival times were 13.5 versus 12.5 months for Groups A and B, respectively (P = 0.483). The adverse effects in the two groups were essentially the same.Biomarker-tailored chemotherapy based on ERCC1, RRM1, and β-tubulin III expression showed significantly increased response rate, median PFS time, and 1-year survival rate in patients with NSCLC.

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