Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Royal Society open science
As one of the key systems of the marine power plant diesel engine, the turbocharger directly affects whether the diesel engine can continuously and stably provide the power required for the ship. Owing to a number of uncontrollable factors, such as harsh working conditions and complex structures, the turbocharger may have various failures, causing it to lose its intended function. At present, the fault diagnosis of the marine turbocharger has not been paid enough attention yet and in most cases, the method of 'ex post diagnosis' is still adopted. When analysing the nonlinear correspondence between the failure symptoms and failure causes, it is difficult for the existing theories to meet the actual diagnostic requirements. This paper introduces the concept of gas-path diagnosis into the condition monitoring for a marine turbocharger for the first time and proposes the flow capacity index which characterizes the flow capacity of the component and the isentropic efficiency index which characterizes the operating efficiency of the component as two dimensionless evaluation indicators for turbocharger health status. Moreover, the nonlinear mapping relationship between these two health parameters and the gas-path measurable parameters of the turbocharger is studied, and a novel performance degradation evaluation method for a turbocharger is established. The proposed method has been tested in three test cases where the degradation of a model turbocharger has been analysed. These case studies have illustrated that the proposed method can accurately isolate the degraded components and further quantify the degradation of the components.