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A Parameterized algorithm for Bounded-Degree Vertex Deletion

Research paper by Mingyu Xiao

Indexed on: 02 Jan '16Published on: 02 Jan '16Published in: Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms



Abstract

The $d$-bounded-degree vertex deletion problem, to delete at most $k$ vertices in a given graph to make the maximum degree of the remaining graph at most $d$, finds applications in computational biology, social network analysis and some others. It can be regarded as a special case of the $(d+2)$-hitting set problem and generates the famous vertex cover problem. The $d$-bounded-degree vertex deletion problem is NP-hard for each fixed $d\geq 0$. In terms of parameterized complexity, the problem parameterized by $k$ is W[2]-hard for unbounded $d$ and fixed-parameter tractable for each fixed $d\geq 0$. Previously, (randomized) parameterized algorithms for this problem with running time bound $O^*((d+1)^k)$ are only known for $d\leq2$. In this paper, we give a uniform parameterized algorithm deterministically solving this problem in $O^*((d+1)^k)$ time for each $d\geq 3$. Note that it is an open problem whether the $d'$-hitting set problem can be solved in $O^*((d'-1)^k)$ time for $d'\geq 3$. Our result answers this challenging open problem affirmatively for a special case. Furthermore, our algorithm also gets a running time bound of $O^*(3.0645^k)$ for the case that $d=2$, improving the previous deterministic bound of $O^*(3.24^k)$.