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A novel beta-oxa polyunsaturated fatty acid downregulates the activation of the IkappaB kinase/nuclear factor kappaB pathway, inhibits expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules, and depresses inflammation.

Research paper by Antonio A Ferrante, Brenton S BS Robinson, Harmeet H Singh, Hubertus P A HP Jersmann, Judith V JV Ferrante, Zhi H ZH Huang, Neil A NA Trout, Michael J MJ Pitt, Deborah A DA Rathjen, Christopher J CJ Easton, Alf A Poulos, Rolf H RH Prager, Frank S FS Lee, Charles S T CS Hii

Indexed on: 10 Jun '06Published on: 10 Jun '06Published in: Circulation research



Abstract

Several novel polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that contain either an oxygen or sulfur atom in the beta-position were found to exhibit more selective antiinflammatory properties than their natural PUFA counterparts. One of these, beta-oxa-23:4n-6, unlike natural PUFAs, lacked ability to stimulate oxygen radical production in neutrophils but caused marked inhibition of agonist-induced upregulation of leukocyte adhesion to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression. In addition, beta-oxa-23:4n-6 inhibited acute and chronic inflammatory responses in mice as well as the upregulation of adhesion molecule expression in arterial endothelium. This action of beta-oxa-23:4n-6 required a functional 12- but not 5-lipoxygenase or cyclooxygenases, consistent with its metabolism via the 12-lipoxygenase pathway. Whereas beta-oxa-23:4n-6 did not affect the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by tumor necrosis factor, activation of the IkappaB kinase/nuclear factor kappaB pathway was selectively inhibited. These novel PUFAs could form the basis for a potential new class of pharmaceuticals for treating inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis.

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