A note on the sea-horse in the human brain

Research paper by Miloš Judaš, Mihovil Pletikos

Indexed on: 31 Dec '10Published on: 31 Dec '10Published in: Translational Neuroscience


It is commonly believed that the term hippocampus represents a shining example of inappropriate and fanciful anatomical naming, because this brain structure supposedly does not display any resemblance, striking or remote, to the little sea-horse fish known as hippocampus. The aim of this short historical notice is to demonstrate that, in fact, the hippocampus looks very much like the little sea-horse fish, as demonstrated by Gustav Retzius more than a century ago. However, to note this striking resemblance, one has to apply a proper method of anatomical dissection.