# A note on the order of iterated line digraphs

Research paper by C. Dalfó, M. A. Fiol

Indexed on: 29 Jul '16Published on: 29 Jul '16Published in: Mathematics - Combinatorics

#### Abstract

Given a digraph $G$, we propose a new method to find the recurrence equation for the number of vertices $n_k$ of the $k$-iterated line digraph $L^k(G)$, for $k\geq0$, where $L^0(G)=G$. We obtain this result by using the minimal polynomial of a quotient digraph $\pi(G)$ of $G$. We show some examples of this method applied to the so-called cyclic Kautz, the unicyclic, and the acyclic digraphs. In the first case, our method gives the enumeration of the ternary length-2 squarefree words of any length.