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A new model for predicting the timing of leukapheresis on the basis of CD34+ cell and hematopoietic progenitor cell levels.

Research paper by Hao-Wei HW Teng, Liang-Tsai LT Hsiao, Shu-Chou SC Chaou, Jyh-Pyng JP Gau, Tzu-Chi TC Lee, Ying-Yih YY Shih, Chun-Yu CY Liu, Ying-Chung YC Hong, Ming-Huang MH Chen, Mu-Hsin MH Chang, Ya-Hsu YH Yang, Po-Min PM Chen

Indexed on: 13 Feb '07Published on: 13 Feb '07Published in: Journal of Clinical Apheresis



Abstract

We developed a model (depending on peripheral CD34(+) cell count and hematopoietic progenitor cell count) to determine the optimal timing of 3-day leukapheresis in patients pretreated with chemotherapy and G-CSF. Marrow potentials were identified on the basis of three patterns of leukapheretic yield. Pattern 1 predicted good marrow potential. The positive predictive value of a first-day leukapheretic yield of >1 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg (mean 3-day yield = 8.18 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, n = 11) was 100%. Pattern 2 predicted poor marrow potential. The negative predictive value of a 3-day leukapheretic yield of >1 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg (3-day yield = 0.26 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, n = 1) was 100%. Pattern 3 met neither of the above criteria (mean 3-day yield = 1.37 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, n = 19). The marrow potential was borderline and patients could be further divided into two subgroups according to peripheral CD34(+) cell counts when WBC reached >10,000/microl. The mean yield differed significantly between pattern 1 and 3 (P < 0.001). For patients with good marrow potential, leukapheresis should begin as soon as the WBC count is >5,000/microl. Patients with borderline marrow potential may benefit from delaying leukapheresis until the WBC level is >10,000/microl and leukapheresis extended more than 3 days.