Indexed on: 01 Sep '97Published on: 01 Sep '97Published in: Catalysis Surveys from Asia
A new infrared-spectroscopic method to characterize acid sites of zeolites using small and weakly basic molecules such as diatomic and monoatomic molecules is reviewed. It has been revealed that N2 is an effective probe molecule to characterize both Brønsted acidity and Lewis acidity of H-form zeolites. The characteristics of the N 2 probe are discussed in detail in comparison with the CO probe. O2 and rare gases have also been applied to monitor the strong acid sites in the H-form zeolites. Further, the studies of the adsorption of water on H-form zeolites are shortly reviewed: a recent IR study of the H218O adsorption on H-ZSM-5 has given direct experimental evidence that the main feature of the observed IR bands is due to the hydrogen-bonded adsorption of water on the Brønsted acid sites.