Indexed on: 02 Jan '07Published on: 02 Jan '07Published in: Journal of Biological Chemistry
A new type of membrane-bound cytochrome c was found in a marine purple photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodovulum sulfidophilum. This cytochrome c was significantly accumulated in cells growing under anaerobic photosynthetic conditions and showed an apparent molecular mass of approximately 100 kDa when purified and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. The midpoint potential of this cytochrome c was 369 mV. Flash-induced kinetic measurements showed that this new cytochrome c can work as an electron donor to the photosynthetic reaction center. The gene coding for this cytochrome c was cloned and analyzed. The deduced molecular mass was nearly equal to 50 kDa. Its C-terminal heme-containing region showed the highest sequence identity to the water-soluble cytochrome c(2), although its predicted secondary structure resembles that of cytochrome c(y). Phylogenetic analyses suggested that this new cytochrome c has evolved from cytochrome c(2). We, thus, propose its designation as cytochrome c(2m). Mutants lacking this cytochrome or cytochrome c(2) showed the same growth rate as the wild type. However, a double mutant lacking both cytochrome c(2) and c(2m) showed no growth under photosynthetic conditions. It was concluded that either the membrane-bound cytochrome c(2m) or the water-soluble cytochrome c(2) work as a physiological electron carrier in the photosynthetic electron transfer pathway of Rvu. sulfidophilum.