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A new mechanosensory organ on the anterior spinnerets of the spiderCupiennius salei (Araneae, Ctenidae)

Research paper by Stanislav N. Gorb, Friedrich G. Barth

Indexed on: 01 Mar '96Published on: 01 Mar '96Published in: Zoomorphology



Abstract

We describe hitherto unknown mechanoreceptors on the anterior spinnerets of the spiderCupiennius salei. These receptors are found at the base of the spigots of the major ampullate glands which produce the dragline used by the spider as a safety thread in various behavioral situations. There are 40–60 mechanoreceptors associated with two spigots of each anterior spinneret. They are likely to provide information on the forces pulling on the dragline and also on its orientation in space. A single sensillum consists of a hole in the cuticle covered by a thin cuticular membrane. It much resembles spider slit sensilla, which are known to detect strains in the exoskeleton. Each sensillum is supplied by two dendrites most likely belonging to two bipolar sensory cells. One of the dendrites ends at the covering membrane and the other more proximally. The sensilla are arranged with their long axes roughly parallel to the circumference of the spigots. External forces, transmitted by the dragline, result in deformation of the central part of the cuticular plate at the base of the spigots and thus in stimulation of the sensilla. This is shown electrophysiologicallly. Considering their morphology, topography, and electrophysiology, these mechanoreceptors are suggested to be important in the sensory control of dragline release by the spider.