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A new k-harmonic nearest neighbor classifier based on the multi-local means

Research paper by Zhibin Pan, Yidi Wang; Weiping Ku

Indexed on: 18 Oct '16Published on: 29 Sep '16Published in: Expert Systems with Applications



Abstract

Publication date: January 2017 Source:Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 67 Author(s): Zhibin Pan, Yidi Wang, Weiping Ku The k-nearest neighbor (KNN) rule is a classical and yet very effective nonparametric technique in pattern classification, but its classification performance severely relies on the outliers. The local mean-based k-nearest neighbor classifier (LMKNN) was firstly introduced to achieve robustness against outliers by computing the local mean vector of k nearest neighbors for each class. However, its performances suffer from the choice of the single value of k for each class and the uniform value of k for different classes. In this paper, we propose a new KNN-based classifier, called multi-local means-based k-harmonic nearest neighbor (MLM-KHNN) rule. In our method, the k nearest neighbors in each class are first found, and then used to compute k different local mean vectors, which are employed to compute their harmonic mean distance to the query sample. Finally, MLM-KHNN proceeds in classifying the query sample to the class with the minimum harmonic mean distance. The experimental results, based on twenty real-world datasets from UCI and KEEL repository, demonstrated that the proposed MLM-KHNN classifier achieves lower classification error rate and is less sensitive to the parameter k, when compared to nine related competitive KNN-based classifiers, especially in small training sample size situations.