A new criterion for finite non-cyclic groups

Research paper by Wei Zhou, Wujie Shi, Zeyong Duan

Indexed on: 19 Sep '05Published on: 19 Sep '05Published in: Mathematics - Group Theory


Let $H$ be a subgroup of a group $G$. We say that $H$ satisfies the power condition with respect to $G$, or $H$ is a power subgroup of $G$, if there exists a non-negative integer $m$ such that $H=G^{m}=<g^{m} | g \in G >$. In this note, the following theorem is proved: Let $G$ be a group and $k$ the number of non-power subgroups of $G$. Then (1) $k=0$ if and only if $G$ is a cyclic group(theorem of F. Sz$\acute{a}$sz) ;(2) $0 < k <\infty$ if and only if $G$ is a finite non-cyclic group; (3) $k=\infty$ if and only if $G$ is a infinte non-cyclic group. Thus we get a new criterion for the finite non-cyclic groups.