Indexed on: 09 Sep '18Published on: 09 Sep '18Published in: Analytica Chimica Acta
A novel non-enzymatic glucose sensor was constructed based on the nanolayered Co(OH) deposited on polymeric graphitic carbon nitride (Co(OH)-g-CN) via chemical bath deposition. The two-dimensional nanocomposite was used to modify a carbon paste electrode and its electrochemical performance of electrode was carefully evaluated. The electrochemical oxidation of glucose at modified electrode was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 0.2 M KOH. It revealed a remarkable electrocatalytic behavior and noticeably synergistic effect as a result of decent exfoliation of graphitic carbon nitride in the presence of Co(OH). The amperometric response achieved by the modified electrode showed two calibration ranges with an excellent selectivity. A single-frequency impedance method was applied for glucose determination as an alternative to conventional EIS methods. The developed sensor represents a high sensitivity, wide concentration range (25 μM - 420.0 mM by impedimetry and 6.6-9800 μM by amperometry), and high reproducibility. The modified electrode showed a good selectivity for glucose over potentially interfering materials such as dopamine, ascorbic acid, urea, and uric acid. Finally, the Co(OH)-g-CN-CPE was utilized for quantification of glucose in blood serum samples. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.