A magnetic nanoparticle-based time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay for determination of the cytokeratin 19 fragment in human serum.

Research paper by Guanfeng G Lin, Tiancai T Liu, Jingyuan J Hou, Zhiqi Z Ren, Jianwei J Zhou, Qianni Q Liang, Zhenhua Z Chen, Wenqi W Dong, Yingsong Y Wu

Indexed on: 11 Feb '15Published on: 11 Feb '15Published in: Journal of Fluorescence


A sensitive, rapid and novel measurement method for cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) in human serum by magnetic particle-based time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TRFIA) is described. Built on a sandwich-type immunoassay format, analytes in samples were captured by one monoclonal antibody coating onto the surface of magnetic beads and "sandwiched" by another monoclonal antibody labeled with europium chelates. The coefficient variations of the method were lower than 7%, and the recoveries were in the range of 90-110% for serum samples. The lower limit of quantitation of the present method for CYFRA 21-1 was 0.78 ng/ml. The correlation coefficient of CYFRA 21-1 values obtained by our novel TRFIA and CLIA was 0.980. The present novel TRFIA demonstrated high sensitivity, wider effective detection range and excellent reproducibility for determination of CYFRA 21-1 can be useful for early screening and prognosis evaluation of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.