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A hypomorphic recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1) mutation resulting in a phenotype resembling common variable immunodeficiency.

Research paper by Hassan H Abolhassani, Ning N Wang, Asghar A Aghamohammadi, Nima N Rezaei, Yu Nee YN Lee, Francesco F Frugoni, Luigi D LD Notarangelo, Qiang Q Pan-Hammarström, Lennart L Hammarström

Indexed on: 06 Jul '14Published on: 06 Jul '14Published in: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology



Abstract

Recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1) deficiency presents with a varied spectrum of combined immunodeficiency, ranging from a T(-)B(-)NK(+) type of disease to a T(+)B(+)NK(+) phenotype.We sought to assess the genetic background of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID).A patient given a diagnosis of CVID, who was born to a consanguineous family and thus would be expected to show an autosomal recessive inheritance, was subjected to clinical evaluation, immunologic assays, homozygosity gene mapping, exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing, and functional analysis.The 14-year-old patient, who had liver granuloma, extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, and autoimmune neutropenia, presented with a clinical picture resembling CVID. Genetic analysis of this patient showed a homozygous hypomorphic RAG1 mutation (c.1073 G>A, p.C358Y) with a residual functional capacity of 48% of wild-type protein.Our finding broadens the range of disorders associated with RAG1 mutations and might have important therapeutic implications.

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