Indexed on: 07 Feb '21Published on: 07 Feb '21Published in: Plant Methods
Paclitaxel is a well-known chemotherapeutic agent widely applied as a therapy for various types of cancers. In vitro culture of Corylus avellana has been named as a promising and low-cost strategy for paclitaxel production. Fungal elicitors have been reported as an impressive strategy for improving paclitaxel biosynthesis in cell suspension culture (CSC) of C. avellana. The objectives of this research were to forecast and optimize growth and paclitaxel biosynthesis based on four input variables including cell extract (CE) and culture filtrate (CF) concentration levels, elicitor adding day and CSC harvesting time in C. avellana cell culture, as a case study, using general regression neural network-fruit fly optimization algorithm (GRNN-FOA) via data mining approach for the first time. GRNN-FOA models (0.88-0.97) showed the superior prediction performances as compared to regression models (0.57-0.86). Comparative analysis of multilayer perceptron-genetic algorithm (MLP-GA) and GRNN-FOA showed very slight difference between two models for dry weight (DW), intracellular and extracellular paclitaxel in testing subset, the unseen data. However, MLP-GA was slightly more accurate as compared to GRNN-FOA for total paclitaxel and extracellular paclitaxel portion in testing subset. The slight difference was observed in maximum growth and paclitaxel biosynthesis optimized by FOA and GA. The optimization analysis using FOA on developed GRNN-FOA models showed that optimal CE [4.29% (v/v)] and CF [5.38% (v/v)] concentration levels, elicitor adding day (17) and harvesting time (88 h and 19 min) can lead to highest paclitaxel biosynthesis (372.89 µg l). Great accordance between the predicted and observed values of DW, intracellular, extracellular and total yield of paclitaxel, and also extracellular paclitaxel portion support excellent performance of developed GRNN-FOA models. Overall, GRNN-FOA as new mathematical tool may pave the way for forecasting and optimizing secondary metabolite production in plant in vitro culture.