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A High Sensitivity Impedimetric Biosensor Using the Tannin From Quercusmacrolepis as Biorecognition Element for Heavy Metals Detection.

Research paper by Nawal N Khedimallah, Ali A Zazoua, Amel A Sbartai, Nicole N Jaffrezic-Renault

Indexed on: 07 Oct '15Published on: 07 Oct '15Published in: IEEE transactions on nanobioscience



Abstract

A new poly(vinylchloride) (PVC) membrane electrode based on tannin from the bark of Quercusmacrolepis (acorn) as the ionophore was prepared and modified onto the surface of a gold electrode. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique was used to study the sensitivity of the electrode that was modified with a thin layer of polymeric biomembrane, in order to detect heavy metals ions in solution. The device shows a good sensitivity for Zn(2+), Ni(2+) ions and a little less for Cd(2+). The electrode indicates a good linear response for the three metals over a wide concentration range from 1.0×10(-9) to 1.0×10(-4) M, with a detection limit of 1.0×10(-9) M.