Indexed on: 16 Nov '05Published on: 16 Nov '05Published in: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Intravascular ultrasound (US) elastography reveals the elastic properties of vascular tissue and plaque. However, misalignment of the US catheter in the vessel lumen can cause incorrect strain estimation in intravascular US elastography caused by strain projection artifacts. In this paper, we present a general theoretical solution where the impact of catheter eccentricity, tilt and noncoplanar errors on the strain estimates are derived. Appropriate corrections to strain estimates can then be applied with prior knowledge of the catheter position information to reduce the strain projection artifacts. Simulations using a frequency-domain-based algorithm that models intravascular US imaging before and after a specified deformation are presented. The simulations are used to verify the theoretical derivations for two displacement situations (linear and nonlinear) under intraluminal pressure, with and without stress decay. The linear displacement case demonstrates that the correction factor is dependent only on the angle between the US beam and the cross-sectional plane of the vessel. For the nonlinear displacement case, where a l/r stress decay in the displacement is modeled, the correction factor becomes a more complicated function of the azimuthal angle.