A fluid inclusion study of the Tourmaline Hill Granite, Umberatana, South Australia: Implications for hydrothermal activity and wallrock metasomatism

Research paper by B. G. Lottermoser

Indexed on: 01 Apr '87Published on: 01 Apr '87Published in: Mineralogy and Petrology


Homogenization temperatures and salinity data are documented for fluid inclusions present in quartz from a Palaeozoic alkaline to peralkaline granite intrusion. A wide range of salinities (3.8 to 60.6 wt% NaCl equivalent) and homogenization temperatures (25.8 to 537 °C) indicates a sequential entrapment of different fluids, whereby the detected salinities decreased as a direct result of decreasing homogenization temperatures. Fluids were saturated with NaCl at 537°C and the development of hydrothermal solutions occurred at 1 100 ± 300 bars. Hydrothermal activity and the release of volatiles, F and B, during granite crystallization resulted in phlogopitization and tourmalinization of intruded metapelites. Volatile degassing, the presence of hypersaline hydrothermal fluids and contamination on the periphery of the intrusives by aluminous sediments led to the transport of K, Rb, Li, Mg, Cs, Be and Ta via halogen complexes from the granite system into the metapelitic aureole.