A cost-consequence analysis of long-acting injectable risperidone in schizophrenia: a one-year mirror-image study with national claim-based database in Taiwan.

Research paper by Hui-Chih HC Chang, Chao-Hsiun CH Tang, Sheng-Tzu ST Huang, Paul P McCrone, Kuan-Pin KP Su

Indexed on: 24 Mar '12Published on: 24 Mar '12Published in: Journal of Psychiatric Research


The development of long-acting atypical antipsychotics has provided a new paradigm for schizophrenia treatment. The economic effectiveness of risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) on service costs has, however, never been studied in the real world with national claim-based database.To assess the change of service utilization and costs for schizophrenia before and after RLAI treatment, we conducted this 1-year mirror-image study with Taiwanese national claimed-data. Comparison was made for service sectors (the number of visits, acute admissions and relapse events) and cost components (outpatient, inpatient, emergency, medication and non-medication costs).Service uses reduced in the post-RLAI period, along with a reduction of 34% and 32% on total inpatient services costs and inpatient non-medication costs, respectively (p < 0.005). However, overall psychiatric service costs went up by 26%, with an increase of 190% on total outpatient service costs and 177% on overall medication costs (p < 0.0001).This 1-year mirror-image analysis showed that RLAI treatment was associated with reductions of service uses; however, overall psychiatric service costs were compromised by costs incurred from increased utilization of outpatient service and RLAI medication costs under the context of healthcare in Taiwan.