Indexed on: 25 Apr '12Published on: 25 Apr '12Published in: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
We examined whether transgenic growth hormone mice (Tg) that exhibit accelerated cognitive aging and exceptional free radical damage also express elevated nitrative stress. We characterized age-related patterns of 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) in brain homogenate and mitochondria of Tg and normal (Nr) mice as modulated by a complex anti-aging dietary supplement. Levels of 3-NT rose rapidly with age in Tg brain homogenate whereas normal controls maintained constant lower levels. The age-related slope for 3-NT was 3.6-fold steeper in untreated Tg compared to treated Tg (p<0.009), although treated Tg showed elevation in youth. Opposite to Tg, treated Nr mice had reduced 3-NT in youth (p<0.02). The age-related pattern of mitochondrial 3-NT in Nr mice was parabolic (p<0.005). Remarkably, levels in treated Nr were reduced by ~50% (p<0.0007). Untreated Tg showed strongly increasing mitochondrial 3-NT with higher mitochondrial activity (p<0.01) whereas treated Tg showed lower nitrosylation at higher levels of mitochondrial activity. Tg mice also expressed a postural abnormality that is a biomarker of neurodegeneration and/or nitrative stress. Tg represent a promising new model of nitrative stress associated with brain deterioration and results provide proof of principle that complex dietary supplements may be ameliorating.