Indexed on: 17 Feb '06Published on: 17 Feb '06Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry A
The doublet potential energy surface of radical system [C(2), H(2), P] is investigated at the UB3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) and UCCSD(T)/6-311++G(2df,2p) (single-point) levels. Eight chainlike and three-membered ring structures are located as energy minima connected by 10 interconversion transition states. At the final UCCSD(T)/6-311++G(2df,2p)//UB3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level with zero-point vibrational energy correction, species CH(2)CP is found to be thermodynamically the most stable isomer followed by HCCPH, H-cCPC-H, cPCC-H(H), H-cCCP-H, cis-CC(H)PH, trans-CC(H)PH, and CCPH(2) at 11.01, 12.57, 40.07, 43.63, 50.25, 56.82, and 65.36 kcal/mol, respectively. The computed results indicate that the chainlike isomers CH(2)CP and HCCPH and cyclic radical H-cCPC-H possess considerable kinetic stability at extra low pressures and temperatures. Interestingly, radical CCPH(2), whose energy is the highest in all predicted CH(2)CP isomers, can be also regarded as a kinetically stable species with the smallest isomerization barrier of 22.26 kcal/mol at extra low pressures and temperatures. Therefore, considering higher kinetic stability, in addition to the microwave spectroscopy characterized isomer CH(2)CP in previous experiments, the species HCCPH, H-cCPC-H, and CCPH(2) should be considered as excellent candidates for possible experimental observation. Furthermore, the structural nature of stable radical isomers is discussed based on bonding characteristics, single electron spin distribution, and comparison with their analogues.