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A chromosome 13-specific human satellite I DNA subfamily with minor presence on chromosome 21: further studies on Robertsonian translocations.

Research paper by P P Kalitsis, E E Earle, B B Vissel, L G LG Shaffer, K H KH Choo

Indexed on: 01 Apr '93Published on: 01 Apr '93Published in: Genomics



Abstract

We describe a new human satellite I DNA subfamily (pTRI-6) which is composed of 72 copies of monomeric repeating units of 42 basepairs (bp). These repeating units are tandemly organized into a higher order structure of 2.97 kilobases (kb). Sequencing of this DNA revealed base substitutions, deletions and insertions, and an overall conservation of 85% among the monomers. The sequence has a high AT content of 77%. Under low-stringency in situ hybridization conditions, satellite I is found on the pericentric regions of chromosomes 3 and 4 and on all the acrocentric chromosomes. On the acrocentric chromosomes, satellite I is further detected on the distal p13 region. Analysis of somatic cell hybrids under high stringency indicates the presence of the pTRI-6 subfamily predominantly on chromosome 13. Chromosome 21 shows a 50- to 100-fold reduced amount of this subfamily and the presence of other sequences closely related to pTRI-6. Investigation of a group of 11 human t(14q21q) Robertsonian translocations revealed the retention of satellite I DNA around the breakpoints in all cases. These results extend our understanding of these translocations and of the general structural organization of the cen-pter regions of the acrocentric chromosomes.