Indexed on: 17 Jun '18Published on: 17 Jun '18Published in: Brain & Development
Tubulinopathies include a wide spectrum of disorders ranging from abnormal ocular movement to severe brain malformations, and typically present as diffuse agyria or perisylvian pachygyria with microcephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and cerebellar hypoplasia. They are caused by the dysfunction of tubulins encoded by tubulin-related genes, and the TUBA1A gene encoding alpha-1A tubulin is most frequently responsible for this clinical entity. Porencephaly is relatively rare among patients with the TUBA1A mutations. Mild case of tubulinopathy associated with porencephaly caused by a novel TUBA1A mutation. The patient, a 10-month-old girl, presented with gross motor delay at 4 months of age and convulsions at 7 months of age. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed porencephaly, occipital polymicrogyria, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, volume loss of the white matter, dysgenesis of anterior limbs of internal capsules, non-separative basal ganglia, cerebellar hypoplasia, and dysplastic brainstem. We identified a novel de novo heterozygous missense mutation in the TUBA1A gene, c.381C > A (p.Asp127Glu), by whole-exome sequencing. Microtubules composed of tubulins regulate not only neuronal migration but also cell division or axon guidance. Accordingly, tubulinopathy affects the cortical lamination, brain size, callosal formation, and white matter as seen in the present case. In contrast to the previously reported cases, the present case showed milder cortical dysgenesis with a rare manifestation of porencephaly. The genotype-phenotype correlation is still unclear, and this study expands the phenotypic range of tubulinopathy. Copyright © 2018 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.