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A case of severe aortic stenosis with severe coronary artery disease that was successfully treated by balloon aortic valvuloplasty and percutaneous coronary intervention.

Research paper by Yuichiro Y Maekawa, Akio A Kawamura, Akira A Furuta, Shinsuke S Yuasa, Keiichi K Fukuda

Indexed on: 15 Nov '11Published on: 15 Nov '11Published in: Heart and Vessels



Abstract

We describe an 85-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, who also had severe coronary artery disease. She suffered from dyspnea on exertion and frequent syncope. Echocardiography revealed an immobile and heavily calcified aortic valve, and coronary angiography revealed two-vessel disease including chronic total occlusion. Open-heart surgery was refused and she was referred to our department. She underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the right coronary artery and left anterior descending artery. Following PCI, percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) was performed on the same day. We chose balloons of 15 × 60 mm, 18 × 60 mm, and 20 × 60 mm, respectively. Improvement in the mean aortic valve pressure gradient (PG) and calculated aortic valve area (mean PG 48-23 mmHg, 0.8-1.2 cm(2), respectively) was observed after the final balloon dilatation. No significant complications occurred. The combination of BAV with PCI may be a useful treatment for relief of the associated symptoms of severe aortic stenosis and coronary artery disease, though it does not improve the long-term prognosis.