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A Broadband DLCZ Quantum Memory in Room-Temperature Atoms

Research paper by Jian-Peng Dou, Ai-lin Yang, Mu-Yan Du, Di Lao, Jun Gao, Lu-Feng Qiao, Hang Li, Xiao-Ling Pang, Zhen Feng, Hao Tang, Xian-Min Jin

Indexed on: 20 Apr '17Published on: 20 Apr '17Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics



Abstract

Quantum memory, capable of stopping flying photons and storing their quantum coherence, is essential for scalable quantum technologies. A broadband quantum memory operating at room temperature will enable building large-scale quantum systems for real-life applications, for instance, high-speed quantum repeater for long-distance quantum communication and synchronised multi-photon quantum sources for quantum computing and quantum simulation. Albeit advances of pushing bandwidth from narrowband to broadband and storage media from ultra-cold atomic gas to room-temperature atomic vapour, due to either intrinsic high noises or short lifetime, it is still challenging to find a room-temperature broadband quantum memory beyond conceptional demonstration. Here, we present a far off-resonance Duan-Lukin-Cirac-Zoller (DLCZ) protocol and for the first time demonstrate a genuine broadband quantum memory that is free of noise and limitation of time bandwidth product in room-temperature atoms. We observed a reported ever lowest unconditional noise level of 0.0001 and a cross-correlation between Stokes photon and anti-Stokes photon up to 28. A measurement of Cauchy-Schwarz inequality yields a violation of 320 standard deviations, which clearly indicates high-fidelity generation and preservation of non-classical correlation in room-temperature atoms. Without using any population preserving technique, we have reached a time bandwidth product up to 1400. Our results pave the avenue towards quantum memory-enabled applications in high speed at ambient condition, especially for scalable quantum communications and quantum computing.