Indexed on: 15 Nov '11Published on: 15 Nov '11Published in: Current opinion in urology
α1-Adrenoceptor blockers are the most frequently prescribed medical therapy in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptom suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). The purpose of this review is to highlight the evolution of adrenoceptor blockers with emphasis on newly approved drugs.Over the past years new formulations of several α1-adrenoceptor blockers were introduced to the market. Five long-acting α1-blockers are currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of symptomatic LUTS/BPH: terazosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, alfuzosin and silodosin. Silodosin is the only adrenoceptor blocker that exhibits true selectivity for the α1-adrenoceptor subtypes. This unique adrenoceptor selectivity profile likely accounts for the very favorable cardiovascular safety profile.Tamsulosin, alfuzosin slow release and silodosin do not require dose titration. Alfuzosin, terazosin, doxazosin and silodosin have all been shown to be effective in relieving LUTS/BPH independent of prostate size. Low incidence of orthostatic hypotension has been reported for silodosin, but abnormal ejaculation is the most commonly reported adverse effect.