Indexed on: 26 Dec '19Published on: 28 May '19Published in: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
This paper proposes a Bayesian hierarchical cure rate survival model for spatially clustered time to event data. We consider a mixture cure rate model with covariates and a flexible (semi)parametric baseline survival distribution for uncured individuals. The spatial correlation structure is introduced in the form of frailties which follow a Multivariate Conditionally Autoregressive distribution on a pre-specified map. We obtain the usual posterior estimates, smoothed by regional level maps of spatial frailties and cure rates. A simulation study demonstrates that the parameters of the models with spatially correlated frailties have smaller relative biases and MSE than the ones obtained using simple frailty models. We apply our methodology to Hodgkin lymphoma cancer survival times for patients diagnosed in the state of Connecticut. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.