Indexed on: 24 Aug '02Published on: 24 Aug '02Published in: Journal of Biological Chemistry
To understand the role of eicosanoids in angiogenesis, we have studied the effect of lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid on human microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC) DNA synthesis. Among the various lipoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid tested, 5(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5(S)-HETE) induced DNA synthesis in HMVEC. 5(S)-HETE also stimulated Jak-2, STAT-1, and STAT-3 tyrosine phosphorylation and STAT-3-DNA binding activity. Tyrphostin AG490, a specific inhibitor of Jak-2, significantly reduced tyrosine phosphorylation and DNA binding activity of STAT-3 and DNA synthesis induced by 5(S)-HETE. In addition, 5(S)-HETE stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) activity and phosphorylation of its downstream targets Akt, p70S6K, and 4E-BP1 and their effector molecules ribosomal protein S6 and eIF4E. LY294002 and rapamycin, potent inhibitors of PI3-kinase and mTOR, respectively, also blocked the DNA synthesis induced by 5(S)-HETE. Interestingly, AG490 attenuated 5(S)-HETE-induced PI3-kinase activity and phosphorylation of Akt, p70S6K, ribosomal protein S6, 4E-BP1, and eIF4E. 5(S)-HETE induced the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor 2 (bFGF-2) in a Jak-2- and PI3-kinase-dependent manner. In addition, a neutralizing anti-bFGF-2 antibody completely blocked 5(S)-HETE-induced DNA synthesis in HMVEC. Together these results suggest that 5(S)-HETE stimulates HMVEC growth via Jak-2- and PI3-kinase-dependent induction of expression of bFGF-2. These findings also reveal a cross-talk between Jak-2 and PI3-kinase in response to 5(S)-HETE in HMVEC.