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3D Graphene Aerogels Decorated with Cobalt Phosphide Nanoparticles as Electrocatalysts for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Research paper by Xueping Zhang, Yujie Han, Liang Huang, Prof. Shaojun Dong

Indexed on: 25 Aug '16Published on: 24 Aug '16Published in: ChemSusChem



Abstract

The development of non-precious-metal hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts with high activity and excellent durability in acidic media is of significant importance for renewable energy research. We report a novel electrocatalyst based on a three-dimensional (3D) graphene aerogel decorated with cobalt phosphide nanoparticles (CoP/GA). The material has a unique hierarchical porous structure with CoP nanoparticles encapsulated uniformly within the graphene sheets. The optimized catalyst shows superior activity, with an overpotential of only 121 mV at 10 mA cm−2, a Tafel slope of 50 mV dec−1, and an exchange current density of 0.105 mA cm−2, and it maintains its catalytic activity for at least 13 h. More importantly, this work provides a versatile way for the rational design and fabrication of 3D graphene-based multifunctional composite materials.