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3-Piece Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Placement Following Radical Cystoprostatectomy and Urinary Diversion: Technique and Outcomes.

Research paper by Jeffrey J Loh-Doyle, Mukul B MB Patil, Hari H Sawkar, Kevin K Wayne, Stuart D SD Boyd

Indexed on: 18 Feb '18Published on: 18 Feb '18Published in: The Journal of Sexual Medicine



Abstract

After radical cystoprostatectomy (RC), postoperative erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common consequence with multiple contributing etiologies. The inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) offers patients a definitive treatment option when ED is refractory to medical therapies. Because of the hostile postoperative anatomy of these patients, a careful surgical approach is necessary for successful outcomes and to avoid adjacent organ injury. To date, there is no series describing the outcomes of 3-piece IPP placement in patients with urinary diversions.To present contemporary outcomes and a description of our technique in placing a 3-piece IPP for postoperative ED in patients with a history of RC with orthotopic neobladder, ileal conduit, or continent cutaneous diversion.We retrospectively reviewed 80 patients who underwent primary placement of a 3-piece IPP (AMS 700; American Medical Systems Inc, Minnetonka, MN, USA) after RC and urinary diversion from 2003 through 2016. 79 patients underwent RC in their treatment of urologic malignancy (71 for bladder cancer, 8 for prostate cancer) and 1 underwent RC for refractory interstitial cystitis. An infrapubic approach was used in most patients, with reservoir placement in the lateral retroperitoneal space through a counterincision medial to the anterior superior iliac spine. Patient demographics, perioperative data, and postoperative outcomes including prosthetic infection and mechanical failure were examined and statistical analysis was performed.Rates of device infection, revision surgery, and reservoir complications.After mean follow-up of 53.9 months (6.5-150.7 months), 4 patients developed infection of the prosthesis that required explantation. 3 of those patients underwent successful IPP reimplantation. 5 patients required revision surgery (pump replacement, n = 3; pump relocation, n = 1; cylinder replacement for cylinder aneurysm, n = 1) for mechanical failure. No statistically significant associations were found between infection and comorbidities, urinary diversion, exposure to chemotherapy, radiation, or presence of an artificial urinary sphincter.The 3-piece IPP is an effective treatment option for medication-refractory ED that can be placed safely in patients with all forms of urinary diversion.This study represents the 1st series that describes a successful technique and long-term outcomes of patients with urinary diversion. It is limited by its single-surgeon, single-center experience and lacks validated patient satisfaction data in follow-up.The 3-piece IPP, with reservoir placement in the lateral retroperitoneum, can be implanted successfully in patients with all forms of urinary diversion without a significant increase in infectious complications, reservoir erosion, or mechanical failure. Loh-Doyle J, Patil MB, Sawkar H, et al. 3-Piece Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Placement Following Radical Cystoprostatectomy and Urinary Diversion: Technique and Outcomes. J Sex Med 2018;XX:XXX-XXX.