Indexed on: 18 Apr '18Published on: 18 Apr '18Published in: Advanced Materials
2D perovskites have emerged as one of the most promising photovoltaic materials owing to their excellent stability compared with their 3D counterparts. However, in typical 2D perovskites, the highly conductive inorganic layers are isolated by large organic cations leading to quantum confinement and thus inferior electrical conductivity across layers. To address this issue, the large organic cations are replaced with small propane-1,3-diammonium (PDA) cations to reduce distance between the inorganic perovskite layers. As shown by optical characterizations, quantum confinement is no longer dominating in the PDA-based 2D perovskites. This leads to considerable enhancement of charge transport as confirmed with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, time-resolved photoluminescence, and mobility measurements. The improved electric properties of the interlayer-engineered 2D perovskites yield a power conversion efficiency of 13.0%. Furthermore, environmental stabilities of the PDA-based 2D perovskites are improved. PDA-based 2D perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with encapsulation can retain over 90% of their efficiency upon storage for over 1000 h, and PSCs without encapsulation can maintain their initial efficiency at 70 °C for over 100 h, which exhibit promising stabilities. These results reveal excellent optoelectronic properties and intrinsic stabilities of the layered perovskites with reduced interlayer distance. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.