1H, 13C, and 15N backbone assignment and secondary structure of the receptor-binding domain of vascular endothelial growth factor.

Research paper by W J WJ Fairbrother, M A MA Champe, H W HW Christinger, B A BA Keyt, M A MA Starovasnik

Indexed on: 23 Oct '97Published on: 23 Oct '97Published in: Protein Science


Nearly complete sequence-specific 1H, 13C, and 15N resonance assignments are reported for the backbone atoms of the receptor-binding domain of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a 23-kDa homodimeric protein that is a major regulator of both normal and pathological angiogenesis. The assignment strategy relied on the use of seven 3D triple-resonance experiments [HN(CO)CA, HNCA, HNCO, (HCA)CONH, HN(COCA)HA, HN(CA)HA, and CBCA-(CO)NH] and a 3D 15N-TOCSY-HSQC experiment recorded on a 0.5 mM (12 mg/mL) sample at 500 MHz, pH 7.0, 45 degrees C. Under these conditions, 15N relaxation data show that the protein has a rotational correlation time of 15.0 ns. Despite this unusually long correlation time, assignments were obtained for 94 of the 99 residues; 8 residues lack amide 1H and 15N assignments, presumably due to rapid exchange of the amide 1H with solvent under the experimental conditions used. The secondary structure of the protein was deduced from the chemical shift indices of the 1H alpha, 13C alpha, 13C beta, and 13CO nuclei, and from analysis of backbone NOEs observed in a 3D 15N-NOESY-HSQC spectrum. Two helices and a significant amount of beta-sheet structure were identified, in general agreement with the secondary structure found in a recently determined crystal structure of a similar VEGF construct [Muller YA et al., 1997, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:7192-7197].