Indexed on: 03 Feb '16Published on: 03 Feb '16Published in: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Decreased striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) binding on SPECT imaging is a strong biomarker for the diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). There is still a lot of uncertainty about patients meeting the clinical criteria for probable DLB who have a normal DAT SPECT scan (DLB/S-). The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and imaging follow-up in these patients, and compare them to DLB patients with abnormal baseline scans (DLB/S+).DLB patients who underwent DAT imaging ([(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT) were selected from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort. All [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT scans were evaluated independently by two nuclear medicine physicians and in patients with normal scans follow-up imaging was obtained. We matched DLB/S-- patients for age and disease duration to DLB/S+ patients and compared their clinical characteristics.Of 67 [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT scans, 7 (10.4 %) were rated as normal. In five DLB/S- patients, a second [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT was performed (after on average 1.5 years) and these scans were all abnormal. No significant differences in clinical characteristics were found at baseline. DLB/S- patients could be expected to have a better MMSE score after 1 year.This study was the first to investigate DLB patients with the initial [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT scan rated as normal and subsequent scans during disease progression rated as abnormal. We hypothesize that DLB/S- scans could represent a relatively rare DLB subtype with possibly a different severity or spread of alpha-synuclein pathology ("neocortical predominant subtype"). In clinical practice, if an alternative diagnosis is not imminent in a DLB/S- patient, repeating [(123)I]FP-CIT SPECT should be considered.